Today, one of the biggest problems of cities is solid waste, which is rapidly increasing. The amount of solid waste generated in parallel with the increasing population, urbanization and industrialization is also increasing rapidly and it is becoming an increasing problem for cities. Dumping of solid wastes, which have been applied in the past and which has great risks for human and environmental health, into wild dump sites is gradually losing its validity in the civilized world. There are thousands of garbage storage areas in our country. Most of them are in wild storage. Wild garbage storage areas are areas where garbage is stored without taking necessary precautions. Very dirty seepage waters leaking from such storage areas pollute surface and underground water resources and soils. Approximately 29 million tons of garbage is generated annually in our country. Only 60% of this garbage is stored in landfills. 13 million tons of garbage are stored in the wild.
When organic wastes decompose in storage areas, they turn into landfill gas. That is, the greater amount of greenhouse gases that cause global warming, methane is composed of storage areas in Turkey. The greenhouse gas methane, which is 21 times more effective than carbon dioxide, causes global warming. One of the greenhouse gas sources in our country is landfill areas. On the other hand, methane gas is an important source of energy. Most of the landfill gas generated in landfill areas is also not recovered. In other words, a significant amount of landfill gas is released into the atmosphere uncontrolled from landfills. These gases both cause global warming and a significant amount of energy resources are disposed of. Landfills where landfill gas is not controlled is an important source of methane, greenhouse gas. This needs to be checked. Leachate water in areas where garbage with high organic matter is stored has 60 times more pollution load than domestic waste water. Leachate water must be treated. Biogas, which was brought to the agenda in search of alternative energy in the 1980s in our country, has been on the agenda with applications for domestic use, obtained from dung in some regions since 2000, but not widely. In any period of human history, there has been no development by ignoring energy. In any case, the main force of progress has certainly been energy. Today, energy is accepted as an indicator of development, and the development of countries is measured by the amount of energy per capita.
By using the methane gas generated in the landfill area, it was transformed into energy. The bad smell that occurred in the landfill area was eliminated. The greenhouse gas emission was minimized by preventing the release of methane and carbon dioxide, which are greenhouse gases generated in waste landfills, into the air, thereby reducing the negative impact on global warming. The risk of burning and explosion of the garbage has been reduced. With the use of renewable energy, the life of natural resources has been extended.